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Mitsubishi Motors releases Lancer Evolution Wagon
- High-performance 4WD station wagon -

 
 

 

 

Evolution Wagon MIEV(Lancer) GT

 

 

 

 

 


        MIEV a proposal for next-generation electric vehicles that utilizes to maximum effect the environmental technology Mitsubishi Motors has developed over the years. The offspring of a marriage between such environmental technology and Mitsubishi Motors' sporty characteristics, Lancer Evolution MIEV delivers a totally new experience in driving pleasure.


       Lancer Evolution MIEV derives from the Lancer Evolution IX. Utilizing the advantages offered by the electric powertrain to craft smooth and slippery, low-drag body lines, the styling imparts an aggressive wind-cleaving look to the body. Riding on large wheels and tires, Lancer Evolution MIEV projects a tempting taste of its potent new-age sport driving potential.


       The wheels are driven by four outer-rotor in-wheel motors. Requiring no speed reducer, these high-efficiency direct drive motors fit neatly into the 20-inch wheels. Each in-wheel motor produces 50 kW of power and 518 Nm torque. With a motor in each wheel, this brings maximum output up to 200 kW (270 PS). And because this drive system allows precise regulation of power at each individual wheel, it opens the door to creating a vehicle dynamics control system in its ultimate evolutionary form one that could be dubbed Super All Wheel Control (S-AWC).


        The in-wheel motors and the lithium-ion battery system, which is located under the floor to reduce the center of gravity, accelerate Lancer Evolution MIEV from 0 km/h to 100 km/h in less than 8 seconds and up to a maximum speed of 180 km/h. This is a level of motive performance that leaves today's EV's standing.

 

In-wheel motor
The foremost feature of the in-wheel motor is that it allows drive torque and braking force to be regulated with high precision on an individual wheel basis without requiring transmission, drive shafts, differential gears or other complex and heavy components. Housing the drive system in the wheels also gives greater freedom in designing the layout. This will facilitate the conversion of internal combustion engine-powered vehicles into hybrid vehicles without requiring the introduction of complex hybrid power systems. It will also make it easier to provide room for space-consuming components such as fuel cell stacks and hydrogen tanks in fuel cell vehicles. The space-saving benefits of the in-wheel motor also offer exciting possibilities in terms of body design.
 

Lithium-ion battery
The major shortcoming of the EV to date has been its limited cruising range. This is now well on the way to being overcome with recent improvements in battery performance. MIEV uses a lithium-ion storage cell for its main power source, this offers advantages in terms of energy density and life over other types of secondary or rechargeable battery.

 

Key Features

1 S-AWC (Super All Wheel Control): The ultimate 4WD-based vehicle dynamics control system, providing integrated and unified control of torque, braking, steering and suspension.

2 MIVEC (Mitsubishi Innovative Valve Timing Electronic Control): Mitsubishi Motors variable valve timing technology.

3 ACD (Active Center Differential): The ACD incorporates an electronically controlled hydraulic multi-plate clutch. An ECU optimizes clutch cover clamp load for different driving conditions, regulating the differential limiting action between free and locked states. The result is improved steering response together with better traction. ACD provides three modes Tarmac / Gravel / Snow to enable quicker control response for changes in road surface. A single ECU provides integrated management of both ACD and Super AYC components.

4 Super AYC (Active Yaw Control): Mitsubishi's Active Yaw Control system uses a torque-transfer mechanism in the rear differential. Under ECU control, the system operates to raise cornering performance by transferring torque between the rear wheels as dictated by driving conditions and so control the yaw moment acting on the car body. In an evolutionary step, switching from the use of a bevel to a planetary gear differential gave Super AYC the ability to transfer almost twice the torque between the rear wheels. As well as reducing understeer further, it delivers LSD-level traction. The use of a single ECU to integrally manage Super AYC with the ACD results in a synergism that makes both components operate more effectively than if they were under independent control.

5 Rib Bone Frame: A ring-structure frame resembling rib bones that is efficient in increasing body strength and stiffness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Lancer Evolution Technical Specs

 

 

 

Trim level

Engine

Transmission

Drive

MRRP

GT

2.0-liter inline 4-cylinder
16-valve DOHC MIVEC
intercooler-turbocharged

6M/T

Full-time
4WD

3,465,000 yen

GT-A

2.0-liter inline 4-cylinder
16-valve DOHC
intercooler-turbocharged

 

5-speed A/T
with Sport Mode

3,412,500 yen


 

1: ACD (Active Center Differential)
    The ACD incorporates an electronically controlled hydraulic multi-plate clutch. An ECU optimizes clutch cover clamp load for different driving conditions, regulating the differential limiting action between free and locked states. The result is improved steering response together with better traction. ACD provides three modes - Tarmac / Gravel / Snow - to enable quicker control response for changes in road surface.

 

2: Sport ABS
    In Sport ABS, the system ECU uses information from a steering angle sensor that detects steering inputs as well as from lateral G and vehicle speed sensors to apportion pressure to each of the four wheels independently. The result is improved steering response under braking.

 

3: EBD
    The Electronic Brake Force Distribution system optimizes allocation of braking force between the front and rear wheels. Increasing the pressure applied to the rear wheels when braking close to the limit, EBD reduces the load on the front wheels to realize better anti-fade performance. The system also compensates for changes in surface and vehicle load conditions to ensure predictable and consistent stopping performance at all times.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tokyo, September 7, 2005 Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC) announced that the Lancer Evolution Wagon would go on sale at affiliated dealerships throughout Japan soon. Lancer Evolution Wagon marries the awesome dynamic performance of the Lancer Evolution IX high-performance 4WD sedan, which employs Mitsubishi's advanced and proprietary All Wheel Control (AWC) traction and stability enhancing technology, with the utility-enhancing luggage compartment of the Lancer Wagon.

 

Lancer Evolution Wagon is the first station wagon model in the Lancer Evolution series. Derived from the Lancer Evolution IX sedan launched in March 2005, Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the body side panels and roof panel from the Lancer Wagon with reinforcements mainly focused on the rear end to create a lightweight and very stiff station wagon body. The powertrain mates a 2.0-liter intercooler-turbocharged engine to an electronically controlled 4WD driveline to realize unparalleled vehicle dynamics for a station wagon.

 

Lancer Evolution Wagon is offered in two grades. The GT uses a 6-speed manual transmission to deliver the ultimate in sporty driving pleasure. The 5-speed automatic transmission GT-A brings full-spectrum driving pleasure, combining the sporty performance of the GT with the convenience of an automatic. Lancer Evolution Wagon is to be produced in a limited run of 2,500 (GT and GT-A combined total), with production due to cease at the end of December this year.

 

        Lancer Evolution Wagon walkaround

1. Exterior
o The design melds together Lancer Evolution IX's aggressive front end styling and Lancer Wagon's squarish rear end.
o Rear blister fenders and a rear bumper that take their design cues from Evolution IX are used to give Evolution Wagon a low-&-wide look.
o On the GT-A, the front license plate has been moved to a central position to promote automatic transmission oil cooler performance. On the GT, the license plate is located in the same position as on Evolution IX to promote cooling of the intercooler.
o Brilliant chrome headlamp extensions enhance the overall quality look.
o A chrome "LANCER Evolution" logo at the bottom left of the rear gate together with air outlet-look quarter lower garnish on the rear blister fenders identify Evolution Wagon's tail.

 

2. Interior
o Lancer Evolution Wagon's interior is distinguished from Evolution IX by the use of a chrome finish for the air vent controls and door handles to lend a slightly classier touch to the interior.
o Both grades use the same Momo steering wheel as Evolution IX. GT also shares the alloy accelerator, brake and clutch pedals used on its sedan cousin. GT-A uses the same accelerator pedal but has a slightly larger alloy brake pedal.
o Evolution Wagon uses double-sealing weatherstrips introduced on Evolution IX, to beef up sound insulation performance in the dash panel, and strategically places soundproofing, noise-absorbing and vibration damping materials in the newly acquired luggage compartment.
o Lancer Evolution Wagon models are fitted with Recaro full bucket front seats upholstered with a combination of non-slip coated fabric, comfortable Alcantara suede and genuine leather. The thigh bolsters are lower than on Evolution IX to facilitate easy entry and exit while still providing optimum location and hold.
o The rear seat uses the same 60/40 split back configuration as the Lancer Wagon but features Alcantara suede back and squab facings with protein leather on the side bolsters. The rear seat back has 5 reclining settings for greater occupant comfort.
o Measuring VDA 530-liters (5 occupants, luggage tonneau cover not deployed), the luggage compartment is slightly smaller than in Lancer Wagon. The 60/40 split rear seatback, roll-up tonneau cover, 3-section luggage compartment underbox, four securing hooks and accessory power socket together yield a high-utility and easy-to-use luggage compartment.

 

3. Body
o Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the same platform (engine compartment, front floor and rear floor) as Evolution IX. The body takes Lancer Wagon's side panels and roof panel and adds reinforcements at the A, B, C and D pillar joins.
o The addition of a large floor cross member reinforces the joins between the rear floor, rear wheelhouse and body side structure and brings a substantial increase in torsional stiffness. Major reinforcements have been added to the joins between the rear floor, rear end panel and the bottom of the D-pillar.
o The addition of a reinforcement at the top of the rear shock absorber mounting and an extra 50 spot welds in the tailgate opening help realize a lightweight and very stiff body at a minimum weight.
o Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the lightweight alloy engine hood and alloy front blister fenders from Lancer Evolution IX and the Lancer Wagon tailgate with oversize tailgate spoiler used on the Lancer Wagon Ralliart model. The Evolution Wagon-exclusive rear bumper borrows the Lancer Evolution IX design motif.
o Flowing from the trailing edge of the rear door, the edgy rear blister fender slips down and disappears under the rear quarter panel in a design that takes its cue from the front blister fender.
o Available as a dealer option, a rear high-performance sway bar enhances the already superior levels of rear end stability which realizes steering response and handling characteristics unparalleled in the station wagon category.

 

4. Powertrain
o The GT grade uses the latest 4G63-type MIVEC intercooler-turbocharged engine mated to a 6-speed manual transmission to generate flat and wide torque with excellent response at all engine speeds. Producing maximum output of 280 PS (206 kW) / 6500 rpm and 40.0 kg-m (39.2 N-m) / 3000 rpm of torque, the engine gives Evolution Wagon performance that is unmatched in the station wagon category.
o The GT-A powertrain mates the 4G63-type intercooler-turbocharged engine, with its smaller turbocharger giving outstanding low-end and mid-range torque and response, to a 5-speed automatic transmission. The power unit generates maximum output of 272 PS (200 kW) / 6500 rpm and 35.0 kg-m (343 N-m) / 3000 rpm of torque to deliver top ranking performance for an automatic model.

 

5. 4WD system
o Lancer Evolution Wagon's full-time four-wheel drive system uses Mitsubishi Motors Active Center Differential (ACD*1), which raises traction and handling to new levels of excellence, and a mechanical limited-slip rear differential that controls torque feed for superior traction and straight line stability over all surfaces.
o The 6-speed manual transmission GT grade uses a helical limited-slip front differential that takes the sport driving experience another step higher.

6. Suspension
o Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the same inverted MacPherson strut front and multi-link rear suspension as Evolution IX. The monotube shock absorbers deliver superior damping response and handling performance and were developed jointly with Bilstein.

 

7. Brakes
o Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the same powerful Brembo high-performance brakes as Evolution IX, with 4-piston 17-inch ventilated discs at the front and 2-piston 16-inch ventilated discs at the rear.
o With Mitsubishi's Sport ABS*2 giving enhanced steering control under hard braking and Electronic Brake force Distribution (EBD*3) automatically regulating the front-to-rear braking force ratio to match vehicle load, the braking system delivers responsive, smooth and predictable stopping power under all conditions.

 

8. Wheels & tires
o Lancer Evolution Wagon rides on the same 17 x 8JJ Enkei alloy road wheels as Evolution IX but finished in bright silver rather than dark gray. As with Evolution IX, Evolution Wagon is also available with 17 x 8JJ BSS super-lightweight forged alloy wheels as a factory-fitted option.
o The wheels are shod with the same 235/45R17 93W ADVAN A046D tires fitted to Evolution IX GT and designed to offer outstanding abrasion resistance and superior wet adhesion.