Wagon MIEV(Lancer) GT
— a proposal for next-generation electric vehicles that utilizes to
maximum effect the environmental technology Mitsubishi Motors has
developed over the years. The offspring of a marriage between such
environmental technology and Mitsubishi Motors' sporty characteristics,
Lancer Evolution MIEV delivers a totally new experience in driving
Lancer Evolution MIEV derives from the
Lancer Evolution IX. Utilizing the advantages offered by the electric
powertrain to craft smooth and slippery, low-drag body lines, the styling
imparts an aggressive wind-cleaving look to the body. Riding on large
wheels and tires, Lancer Evolution MIEV projects a tempting taste of its
potent new-age sport driving potential.
The wheels are driven by four outer-rotor
in-wheel motors. Requiring no speed reducer, these high-efficiency direct
drive motors fit neatly into the 20-inch wheels. Each in-wheel motor
produces 50 kW of power and 518 Nm torque. With a motor in each wheel,
this brings maximum output up to 200 kW (270 PS). And because this drive
system allows precise regulation of power at each individual wheel, it
opens the door to creating a vehicle dynamics control system in its
ultimate evolutionary form — one that could be dubbed Super All Wheel
The in-wheel motors and the
lithium-ion battery system, which is located under the floor to reduce the
center of gravity, accelerate Lancer Evolution MIEV from 0 km/h to 100
km/h in less than 8 seconds and up to a maximum speed of 180 km/h. This is
a level of motive performance that leaves today's EV's standing.
• In-wheel motor
The foremost feature of the in-wheel motor is that it allows drive torque
and braking force to be regulated with high precision on an individual
wheel basis without requiring transmission, drive shafts, differential
gears or other complex and heavy components. Housing the drive system in
the wheels also gives greater freedom in designing the layout. This will
facilitate the conversion of internal combustion engine-powered vehicles
into hybrid vehicles without requiring the introduction of complex hybrid
power systems. It will also make it easier to provide room for
space-consuming components such as fuel cell stacks and hydrogen tanks in
fuel cell vehicles. The space-saving benefits of the in-wheel motor also
offer exciting possibilities in terms of body design.
• Lithium-ion battery
The major shortcoming of the EV to date has been its limited cruising
range. This is now well on the way to being overcome with recent
improvements in battery performance. MIEV uses a lithium-ion storage cell
for its main power source, this offers advantages in terms of energy
density and life over other types of secondary or rechargeable battery.
1 S-AWC (Super All Wheel Control): The
ultimate 4WD-based vehicle dynamics control system, providing integrated
and unified control of torque, braking, steering and suspension.
2 MIVEC (Mitsubishi Innovative Valve
Timing Electronic Control): Mitsubishi Motors variable valve timing
3 ACD (Active Center Differential): The
ACD incorporates an electronically controlled hydraulic multi-plate
clutch. An ECU optimizes clutch cover clamp load for different driving
conditions, regulating the differential limiting action between free and
locked states. The result is improved steering response together with
better traction. ACD provides three modes — Tarmac / Gravel / Snow — to
enable quicker control response for changes in road surface. A single ECU
provides integrated management of both ACD and Super AYC components.
4 Super AYC (Active Yaw Control):
Mitsubishi's Active Yaw Control system uses a torque-transfer mechanism in
the rear differential. Under ECU control, the system operates to raise
cornering performance by transferring torque between the rear wheels as
dictated by driving conditions and so control the yaw moment acting on the
car body. In an evolutionary step, switching from the use of a bevel to a
planetary gear differential gave Super AYC the ability to transfer almost
twice the torque between the rear wheels. As well as reducing understeer
further, it delivers LSD-level traction. The use of a single ECU to
integrally manage Super AYC with the ACD results in a synergism that makes
both components operate more effectively than if they were under
5 Rib Bone Frame: A ring-structure
frame resembling rib bones that is efficient in increasing body strength
Evolution Technical Specs
2.0-liter inline 4-cylinder
16-valve DOHC MIVEC
2.0-liter inline 4-cylinder
with Sport Mode
1: ACD (Active Center Differential)
The ACD incorporates an electronically controlled hydraulic
multi-plate clutch. An ECU optimizes clutch cover clamp load for different
driving conditions, regulating the differential limiting action between
free and locked states. The result is improved steering response together
with better traction. ACD provides three modes - Tarmac / Gravel / Snow -
to enable quicker control response for changes in road surface.
2: Sport ABS
In Sport ABS, the system ECU uses information from a steering
angle sensor that detects steering inputs as well as from lateral G and
vehicle speed sensors to apportion pressure to each of the four wheels
independently. The result is improved steering response under braking.
The Electronic Brake Force Distribution system optimizes
allocation of braking force between the front and rear wheels. Increasing
the pressure applied to the rear wheels when braking close to the limit,
EBD reduces the load on the front wheels to realize better anti-fade
performance. The system also compensates for changes in surface and
vehicle load conditions to ensure predictable and consistent stopping
performance at all times.
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Tokyo, September 7, 2005
— Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC)
announced that the Lancer Evolution Wagon would go on sale
at affiliated dealerships throughout Japan soon. Lancer Evolution Wagon
marries the awesome dynamic performance of the Lancer Evolution IX
high-performance 4WD sedan, which employs Mitsubishi's advanced and
proprietary All Wheel Control (AWC) traction and stability enhancing
technology, with the utility-enhancing luggage compartment of the Lancer
Lancer Evolution Wagon is the first station
wagon model in the Lancer Evolution series. Derived from the Lancer
Evolution IX sedan launched in March 2005, Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the
body side panels and roof panel from the Lancer Wagon with reinforcements
mainly focused on the rear end to create a lightweight and very stiff
station wagon body. The powertrain mates a 2.0-liter
intercooler-turbocharged engine to an electronically controlled 4WD
driveline to realize unparalleled vehicle dynamics for a station wagon.
Lancer Evolution Wagon is offered in two
grades. The GT uses a 6-speed manual transmission to deliver the ultimate
in sporty driving pleasure. The 5-speed automatic transmission GT-A brings
full-spectrum driving pleasure, combining the sporty performance of the GT
with the convenience of an automatic. Lancer Evolution Wagon is to be
produced in a limited run of 2,500 (GT and GT-A combined total), with
production due to cease at the end of December this year.
Lancer Evolution Wagon walkaround
o The design melds together Lancer
Evolution IX's aggressive front end styling and Lancer Wagon's squarish
o Rear blister fenders and a rear
bumper that take their design cues from Evolution IX are used to give
Evolution Wagon a low-&-wide look.
o On the GT-A, the front license plate
has been moved to a central position to promote automatic transmission oil
cooler performance. On the GT, the license plate is located in the same
position as on Evolution IX to promote cooling of the intercooler.
o Brilliant chrome headlamp extensions
enhance the overall quality look.
o A chrome "LANCER Evolution" logo at
the bottom left of the rear gate together with air outlet-look quarter
lower garnish on the rear blister fenders identify Evolution Wagon's tail.
o Lancer Evolution Wagon's interior is
distinguished from Evolution IX by the use of a chrome finish for the air
vent controls and door handles to lend a slightly classier touch to the
o Both grades use the same Momo
steering wheel as Evolution IX. GT also shares the alloy accelerator,
brake and clutch pedals used on its sedan cousin. GT-A uses the same
accelerator pedal but has a slightly larger alloy brake pedal.
o Evolution Wagon uses double-sealing
weatherstrips introduced on Evolution IX, to beef up sound insulation
performance in the dash panel, and strategically places soundproofing,
noise-absorbing and vibration damping materials in the newly acquired
o Lancer Evolution Wagon models are
fitted with Recaro full bucket front seats upholstered with a combination
of non-slip coated fabric, comfortable Alcantara suede and genuine
leather. The thigh bolsters are lower than on Evolution IX to facilitate
easy entry and exit while still providing optimum location and hold.
o The rear seat uses the same 60/40
split back configuration as the Lancer Wagon but features Alcantara suede
back and squab facings with protein leather on the side bolsters. The rear
seat back has 5 reclining settings for greater occupant comfort.
o Measuring VDA 530-liters (5
occupants, luggage tonneau cover not deployed), the luggage compartment is
slightly smaller than in Lancer Wagon. The 60/40 split rear seatback,
roll-up tonneau cover, 3-section luggage compartment underbox, four
securing hooks and accessory power socket together yield a high-utility
and easy-to-use luggage compartment.
o Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the same
platform (engine compartment, front floor and rear floor) as Evolution IX.
The body takes Lancer Wagon's side panels and roof panel and adds
reinforcements at the A, B, C and D pillar joins.
o The addition of a large floor cross
member reinforces the joins between the rear floor, rear wheelhouse and
body side structure and brings a substantial increase in torsional
stiffness. Major reinforcements have been added to the joins between the
rear floor, rear end panel and the bottom of the D-pillar.
o The addition of a reinforcement at
the top of the rear shock absorber mounting and an extra 50 spot welds in
the tailgate opening help realize a lightweight and very stiff body at a
o Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the
lightweight alloy engine hood and alloy front blister fenders from Lancer
Evolution IX and the Lancer Wagon tailgate with oversize tailgate spoiler
used on the Lancer Wagon Ralliart model. The Evolution Wagon-exclusive
rear bumper borrows the Lancer Evolution IX design motif.
o Flowing from the trailing edge of
the rear door, the edgy rear blister fender slips down and disappears
under the rear quarter panel in a design that takes its cue from the front
o Available as a dealer option, a rear
high-performance sway bar enhances the already superior levels of rear end
stability which realizes steering response and handling characteristics
unparalleled in the station wagon category.
o The GT grade uses the latest
4G63-type MIVEC intercooler-turbocharged engine mated to a 6-speed manual
transmission to generate flat and wide torque with excellent response at
all engine speeds. Producing maximum output of 280 PS (206 kW) / 6500 rpm
and 40.0 kg-m (39.2 N-m) / 3000 rpm of torque, the engine gives Evolution
Wagon performance that is unmatched in the station wagon category.
o The GT-A powertrain mates the
4G63-type intercooler-turbocharged engine, with its smaller turbocharger
giving outstanding low-end and mid-range torque and response, to a 5-speed
automatic transmission. The power unit generates maximum output of 272 PS
(200 kW) / 6500 rpm and 35.0 kg-m (343 N-m) / 3000 rpm of torque to
deliver top ranking performance for an automatic model.
5. 4WD system
o Lancer Evolution Wagon's full-time
four-wheel drive system uses Mitsubishi Motors Active Center Differential
(ACD*1), which raises traction and handling to new levels of excellence,
and a mechanical limited-slip rear differential that controls torque feed
for superior traction and straight line stability over all surfaces.
o The 6-speed manual transmission GT
grade uses a helical limited-slip front differential that takes the sport
driving experience another step higher.
o Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the same
inverted MacPherson strut front and multi-link rear suspension as
Evolution IX. The monotube shock absorbers deliver superior damping
response and handling performance and were developed jointly with Bilstein.
o Lancer Evolution Wagon uses the same
powerful Brembo high-performance brakes as Evolution IX, with 4-piston
17-inch ventilated discs at the front and 2-piston 16-inch ventilated
discs at the rear.
o With Mitsubishi's Sport ABS*2 giving
enhanced steering control under hard braking and Electronic Brake force
Distribution (EBD*3) automatically regulating the front-to-rear braking
force ratio to match vehicle load, the braking system delivers responsive,
smooth and predictable stopping power under all conditions.
8. Wheels & tires
o Lancer Evolution Wagon rides on the
same 17 x 8JJ Enkei alloy road wheels as Evolution IX but finished in
bright silver rather than dark gray. As with Evolution IX, Evolution Wagon
is also available with 17 x 8JJ BSS super-lightweight forged alloy wheels
as a factory-fitted option.
o The wheels are shod with the same
235/45R17 93W ADVAN A046D tires fitted to Evolution IX GT and designed to
offer outstanding abrasion resistance and superior wet adhesion.